Devils Town (Djavolja Varos) is situated in southernmost Serbia, 27 km far from the town of Kursumlija, on the slopes of Mt Radan and on the bank of Tuta River (Yellow River). Devil's Town apparently consists of 202 earthen figures, varying from 2 to 15 meters, all wearing caps on the top. Actually, those are andesite plates rocks created in an intense volcanic eruption of millions of years ago. For centuries, they have been pressing the soil, which gradually changed its appearance and was transformed into figures of various odd shapes and dimensions. The stone phenomenon is one of the most curious landmarks of the country.
The place boasts of a large number of mineral and thermal springs. Due to a high concentration of minerals, the whole area is devoid of vegetation. The land there easily erodes and creates mischievous landscapes. Back in the past, people were unable to account for the origins of Devil's Town, so many legends were told on the subject. One of the legends has it that the earthen figures are actually remnants of churches which were devastated by devils. Unaware of the fact that the changing appearance of the earthen figures was due to land erosion, the locals, full of fear, believed that the figures kept moving and growing. There are also tales concerning the red water that flows there, which, in reality, owes its color to particles of iron ore sliding down from the mountain slopes. In medieval Serbia, there were many iron mines in this area, which is confirmed by the existence of two pits in the close vicinity of Devil's Town.
Since 1959, Devils Town has been under state protection. In 1995, by a decree of the Serbian government, it was proclaimed a natural asset of outstanding significance, so 67 hectares of its surface fall under the first protection category. The decorative illumination enables nightly tours of the site, which is visited by more than 50,000 guests annually.