Banda Aceh, once in the past known as Kuta Raja, is the capital and biggest city in the region of Aceh, Indonesia. It is situated on the island of Sumatra and has a height of 35 meters. The city covers a region of 64 square kilometers and had a populace of 219,070 individuals, as indicated by the 2000 census. Banda Aceh is situated on the northwestern tip of Indonesia at the mouth of the Aceh River.
The city was initially settled as Bandar Aceh Darussalam Kandang and filled in as a capital and center for the Sultanate of Aceh upon its establishment in the late 15th century. Later its name was changed to Bandar Aceh Darussalam, and afterward turned out to be prominently known as Banda Aceh. The initial segment of the name originates from the Persian bandar signifying "port" or "sanctuary." The city is likewise named the "port to Mecca," or the "yard of Mecca" in reference to the days when hajj explorers gone via ocean from Indonesia and would make a stop over in the city before proceeding with their adventure to Mecca.
Banda Aceh had for quite some time been at the focal point of extended clashes between the Acehnese and outside control, incorporating war with Portuguese, wars with the Dutch, the Japanese and the Indonesian government. The city rose to global noticeable quality in the result of the Indian Ocean quake in 2004, which struck off the western shoreline of Sumatra. Banda Aceh was the nearest real city to the seismic tremor's epicenter, which lay 249 km off the coast. It endured extraordinary harm in the quake and further harm when a wave struck in a matter of seconds subsequently.