Sambalpur is located in the western part of Odisha, and is one of the largest and oldest cities in the state. It is the home office of Northern Revenue Division, Mahanadi Coalfield Limited and one of the railroad division from East Coast Railway zone. It is arranged around 300 km west of the state capital Bhubaneswar, 550 km west of Kolkata in West Bengal and 278 km east of Raipur in Chhattisgarh. It is on the bank of the Mahanadi River.
The historical backdrop of Sambalpur, as portrayed by famous students of history, is loaded with occasions including the Indian flexibility battle, speaking to the distinctive areas of society. Sambalpur is one of the antiquated spots of India, which survived even in the ancient age and holds an essential place ever of and India. Sambalpur gets its name from the Goddess Samalei who is viewed as the prevailing divinity of the locale.
The area in which Sambalpur city is found was otherwise called Hirakhanda from old occasions. Ever, it has likewise been known as "Sambalaka". Claudius Ptolemy depicted the place as "Sambalak". The pre-university medium of guidance in schools is prevalently English and Odia. The medium of guidance in instructive establishments after registration in schools is English. Other media of guidance likewise exist in Sambalpur.