Surtsey is probably the newest member in the ever increasing landscape of Iceland. It is a volcanic island south of the coast of Iceland, covering an area of nearly 3 sq. km. The eruption that started in the year 1963, continued for more than 3 years and ended in the month of June in 1967. It is believed that the eruption started some 130 meters below the water and was noticed on the water surface several days later. After the island calmed down, it was made home by ious flora and fauna species. Today, there are more than 5 nesting birds and 25 species of plants found here.