Jena is a German college city and the second biggest city in Thuringia. Together with the adjacent urban areas of Erfurt and Weimar, it frames the focal metropolitan zone of Thuringia with around 500,000 occupants, while the city itself has a populace of around 110,000. Jena is a focal point of instruction and research; the Friedrich Schiller University was established in 1558 and has 21,000 understudies today and the Ernst-Abbe-Fachhochschule Jena tallies another 5,000 understudies. Besides, there are numerous foundations of the main German research social orders.
Jena was first specified in 1182 and remained a residential area until the nineteenth century, when industry created. For the vast majority of the twentieth century, Jena was a world focal point of the optical business around organizations like Carl Zeiss, Schott and Jenoptik since 1990. As one of just a couple of medium-sized urban areas in Germany, it has some tall structures in the downtown area, similar to the Jen Tower.
These likewise have their starting point in the previous Carl Zeiss manufacturing plant. In the vicinity of 1790 and 1850, Jena was a point of convergence of the German Vormarz and also of the understudy liberal and unification development and German Romanticism. Remarkable people of this period in Jena were Friedrich Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Novalis and August Wilhelm Schlegel.