Day 2 : Chavin de Huantar Pre-Inca Ruins Full Day Bus Tours
The archaeological site of Chavín de Huántar sits at an elevation of 3,177m (10,425ft) above sea level in the Peruvian Andes and is located at the confluence of the Mosna and Wacheksa rivers. Chavín once intersected several major trade routes through the Cordillera Blanca mountain range, a strategic location for the capital of the Chavín civilization. The site is located near the Callejón de Huáyla Valley where the village of Chavín de Huántar is located. Chavín is now served by a recently-upgraded, asphalt roadway. Covering 12,000 sq m (129,167 sq ft), the site includes massive temple structures with significant interior and subterranean space, pyramidal platforms, courts, and sunken plaza spaces, most of which are aligned on a common axis. Over time, river floods have eroded much of this stone architecture; its mountainous location has also made it susceptible to destructive landslides (as recent as 1945) and earthquakes (as recent as 1970) over the centuries.
Location: 9° 35' 39" S - 77° 10' 39" W
Field Documentation Date(s): July 1st, 2005
Project Release Date(s): October 15th, 2006
Time Range: 1500 BCE - 300 BCE
Era: Initial Period, Chavin Cult, Early Horizon
Culture: Chavin Cult
Site Authority: Instituto Nacional de Cultura, Peru
Located in the south part of the Cordillera Blanca, its one of the glaciers left in the tropical areas of South America; the glacier is around 8 square kms in size, and around 4km long with a terrestrial snow ending, the glacier is retreating quickly, it has lost 22% of its size and 15.5% on its ice mass in the last 30 years. The glacier occupies an Andean peak around 5250masl and so has steep, cliff like edges, with heavily crevassed areas characteristic of a chirque glacier.
Breakfast in the morning at hotel depart at 8am, driving south side huaraz, at 25km we will visit Recuay province at 3300masl, and continue to Ticampampa 3400masl, Catac 3500masl, continue to Pachacoto from here we will turn east side by unpaved road wonderful landscape of highlands full of straw and cold wind, traditional with sheep herders, after 15km from highway we will stop next to small lake called patococha for birdswatching wild ducks, andean goose caracara birds and others, then the next stop will be at Gasified water stream drinkable gasified water flowing underground, then continue to next stop at enormous flowers of PuyaRaymondi, and changing colour small lake at pumapampa changing color is effect of radiation of the sun and mineral containing rocky inside the water, continue to petroglyph paints, then after few km aprox 10 we will arrive to Pastoruri parking place, from here to get the Ice Mountain is about 1km, you can make easy hiking or horse back ride to get the snow mountain of Pastoruri, once here you will enjoy walking around and visit the Iced Lake and Ice cave, after few hours of staying in Pastoruri back the same way drive direct to Huaraz arriving around 6pm.
Distance: 12 km
Altitude: 3900m to 4600m
Lake 69 is the most beautiful lake in the Cordillera Blanca and become popular by its easy reach in just a one day hike. We offer one day hiking services including a hiking guide and a transfer from Huaraz with daily departures. Hiking the 69 lake from the trail, you will enjoy the wonderful mountain views of Pisco 5752masl Chacraraju 6112masl, Yanapacha 5460masl, and Huascaran 6678masl northern and southern peaks.
Itinerary: Early morning breakfast is at your hotel in Huaraz, then our private bus will pick you up and drive to the start of the hike at Cebollapampa. It will take three hours approximately. You then begin on a moderate slope for about 4 hours before you reach lake 69. When you get to lake 69 you will have enough time to discover its beauty making for many unforgettable pictures. You can walk around the lake and take it all in. After a couple of hours you will come back the same trail at Cebollapampa where our bus will be waiting for you. Board the bus and return to Huaraz, arriving at around 7pm.