Arizona is a U.S. State within the southwestern area of the USA. It is likewise a part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the 6th biggest and the 14th maximum populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest metropolis is Phoenix. Arizona, one of the Four Corners states, is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada and California to the west, and Mexico to the south, in addition to the southwestern nook of Colorado.
Arizona's border with Mexico is 389 miles long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California. Arizona is the 48th country and final of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, accomplishing statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Historically a part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it have become a part of impartial Mexico in 1821. After being defeated inside the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded a lot of this territory to the USA in 1848. The southernmost part of the country became acquired in 1853 via the Gadsden Purchase.