Mecca also called Makkah is a city inside the Hejazi place of the Arabian Peninsula, and the apparent of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is likewise the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The town is located 70 km inland from Jeddah in a slender valley at a height of 277 m above sea level, and 340 kilometres south of Medina. Its resident populace in 2012 turned into kind of 2 million, although traffic extra than triple this number each year all through the Hajj period held within the 12th Muslim lunar month of Dhul-Hijjah.
As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran, Mecca is appeared because the holiest city within the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is compulsory for all capable Muslims. Mecca is domestic to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest web page, as well as being the course of Muslim prayer. Mecca turned into lengthy dominated via Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, performing both as unbiased rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It turned into conquered via Ibn Saud in 1925. In its current period, Mecca has visible outstanding expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, additionally called the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the sector's fourth tallest constructing.