Collioure is a commune within the southern French branch of Pyrenees-Orientales. There is a file of the fortress at "Castrum Caucoliberi" having been mentioned as early as 673, indicating that the agreement here changed into of strategic and business importance all through the Visigoth ascendancy.Collioure was divided into villages separated by using the river Douy, the antique metropolis to the south named Port d'Avall in French referred to as Le Faubourg and the upstream port, Port d'Amunt in French known as La Ville.
Collioure turned into taken in 1642 by using the French troops of Maréchal de los angeles Meilleraye. A decade later, the city became formally surrendered to France with the aid of the 1659 Treaty of Pyrenees. Because of its tremendously strategic significance, the city's fortifications, the Château Royal de Collioure and the Fort Saint-Elme stronghold, had been improved through the military engineer Vauban throughout the reign of Louis XIV.
Nevertheless, Collioure changed into besieged and occupied through the Spanish troops in 1793, marking the ultimate Spanish attempt to take the city. The blockade became broken a year later with the aid of wellknown Jacques François Dugommier.In 1823, the territory of Port-Vendres have become a commune, taking parts from the communes of Collioure and Banyuls-sur-Mer. On 21 January 1870, an extremely good climatic phenomenon came about in Collioure, as discovered by way of Charles Naudin on the time; more than one metre 39 inches of snow fell in in the future in town. Many orchards as well as cork alrightwoodlands had been damaged.