Hanoi is Vietnam's capital and second biggest metropolis with the aid of populace. The city by and large lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 1,720 km north of Ho Chi Minh City and one hundred and five km west of Haiphong. From 1010 till 1802, it changed into the maximum critical political centre of Vietnam. It changed into eclipsed with the aid of Hue, the imperial capital of Vietnam at some point of the Nguyen Dynasty. In 1873 Hanoi became conquered by means of the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city turned into the place of job of the colony of French Indochina.
The French constructed a cutting-edge administrative town south of Old Hanoi, creating wide, perpendicular tree-covered avenues of opera, church buildings, public buildings, and luxury villas, however they also destroyed massive elements of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, at the same time as additionally clearing out diverse imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, in addition to most of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, became occupied through the Japanese empire. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.