Tawau once in the past known as Tawao, is the capital of the Tawau District in Sabah, Malaysia. It is the third-biggest town in Sabah, after Kota Kinabalu and Sandakan. It is situated on the south east shore of the state in the authoritative focus of Tawau Division which flanked by the Sulu Sea toward the east, the Celebes Sea toward the south at Cowie Bay and offers an outskirt with North Kalimantan.
Prior to the establishing of Tawau, the locale around it was the subject of debate between the British and Dutch effective reaches. In 1893, the principal British dealer vessel cruised into Tawau, denoting the opening of the town's ocean port. In 1898, the British set up a settlement in Tawau. The British North Borneo Chartered Company BNBC quickened development of the settlement's populace by empowering the movement of Chinese. Resulting to the Japanese control of North Borneo, the Allied powers besieged the town, in mid-1944, flattening it to the ground.
After the Japanese surrender in 1945, 2,900 Japanese warriors in Tawau progressed toward becoming detainees of war and were exchanged to Jesselton. Tawau was modified after the war, and before the finish of 1947, the economy was reestablished to its pre-war status. Tawau was additionally the principle purpose of contention amid the Indonesia– Malaysia encounter from 1963 to 1966. Amid that period, it was garrisoned by the British Special Boat Section, and watched by Australian Destroyers and battle airplane. Indonesians were discovered endeavoring to harm the town's water supply.