Perth is the capital and biggest city of the Australian territory of Western Australia. It is the fourth-most crowded city in Australia, with a populace of 2,022,044 living in Greater Perth.Perth is a piece of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with most of the metropolitan zone situated on the Swan Coastal Plain, a tight strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp.
The main territories settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's focal business area and port Fremantle both later established downriver.
Perth was established by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the authoritative focus of the Swan River Colony. It picked up city status as of now vested in the littler City of Perth in 1856, and was elevated to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929.