Fez is a town in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fas-Meknas administrative area. It is the second one biggest town in Morocco after Casablanca, with a population of 1.4 million 2014. Located to the northeast of Atlas Mountains, Fez is situated at the crossroad of the critical towns of all areas; 206 km from Tangier to the northwest, 246 km from Casablanca, 169 km from Rabat to the west, and 387 km from Marrakesh to the southwest which leads to the Trans-Saharan alternate route. It is surrounded by using the excessive grounds, and the old city is penetrated by using the River of Fez flowing from the west to east.Fez turned into based below the Idrisid rule during the 8th-9th century.
It consisted of self sustaining and competing settlements. The migration of 2000 Arab families inside the early ninth century gave the nascent town its Arabic person. After the downfall of the Idrisid dynasty, several empires got here and went till the 11th century while the Almoravid Sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin united the two settlements and rebuilt the metropolis, which have become ultra-modern Fes el Bali quarter. Under the Almoravid rule, the metropolis received the recognition for the spiritual scholarship and the mercantile pastime. Fez was expanded for the duration of the Almohad rule and became the most important metropolis inside the world in the course of 1170-1180 with the estimated populace of 200,000.