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Western Ghat ranges are known around the country for Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. In Southern India, it is a well known and popular tourist spot. The park has a beautiful lake at the center of this sanctuary, what makes it more attractive. This lake is created with the construction of a dam in 1895. This lake strolls around the forested hills. For the local wildlife it is a lasting source of water. Though it is known across the region as a Tiger Reserve but visitors arrive here to see the playfulness of the Indian elephants while taking bath in the Periyar Lake.
Other than elephant and tiger Periyar sanctuary has got number of species of animals and birds. Wildebeests like Mouse Deer, Wild Pigs, Barking deer, Gaur, Sambar, Dole and rare species of Tiger are also available here. Primates of Four species can be obtained in this park such as Common Langur, lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur and Bonnet Macaque. If you are lucky enough, you can spot here the rare Nilgiri Tahr.
There are some amazing and rare species of birds available in Periyar. Birds like racket-tailed Drongoes, Hornbill, Kingfishers, Cormorants, herons, grey-headed fish eagle, orioles, ospreys, little green heron, painted stork thrushes, kestrel, Indian griffon mynas, blue winged parakeets, wood pigeons, Kites and Darters are some of them.
Among the reptiles of Periyar, you can spot Monitor Lizards. Along the lake side you can see them basking in the sun on some rocks. Luckily you can spot a king cobra or even huge python. As the Periyar is located in the lap of the high hills, the environment of the park is calm and serene. It resulted in drawing a picturesque landscape of the park. Experience of enjoying an evening or morning walk or feeling the fresh air is something you must try at least once.
You can visit Periyar during any month as there is no restricting months around the year. But, the best time is obviously the dry season. October to February is the suitable time for your visit because during winter, all other sources of water other than the lake get dried up. As a result, all the animals come out from their hiding places in search of water. But the best time to spot elephants is comparatively hotter months March and April.