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The Fastest Mammals On Earth

1. Cheetah

- Cheetahs are the fastest land animal in the World with tan in color with black spots all over their bodies.
- Cheetah's slender, long-legged body is built for speed, as fast as 112 to 120 Km/h. Ability to accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in three seconds.
- It is the only extant member of the genus Acinonyx.
- Found throughout Africa and Asia from South Africa to India and a small portion of Iran.
- Cheetahs eat mainly gazelles, wildebeest calves, impalas and smaller hoofed animals.
- Mating Season is throughout the year, gestation in around 3 months with 2-4 cubs of Litter Size.


2. Free-tailed bat

- They are widespread, being found on every continent except Antarctica.
- Free-tailed bats are usually grey, brown, or black in color, with some exceptions.
- They range from 4 to 12 cm (1.6 to 4.7 in) in length, excluding the tail, and can weigh from 8 to 220 g (0.28 to 7.76 oz), depending on species.
- They are insectivorous, and catch their food on the wing.
- They can reach to the speeds of 96.6 km/h : Tail wind is what allows free-tailed bats to reach such high speeds.
- While some species roost in small groups in hollow trees or rocky crevices, some cave-dwelling species form vast colonies of up to 50 million individuals.

3. Pronghorn

- The fastest land animal in North America.
- Pronghorn can travel at speeds of up to 88.5 km/h.
- Pronghorn don't jump, and are therefore unable to clear fences.
- These herbivores eat a wide variety of plant foods, including cacti and plants that are toxic to domestic livestock.
- Their population sizes have been reduced about 95 percent since the 1800s.
- They rarely close their eyes to sleep. If they do sleep, it's for less than 10 minutes at a time.
- Normal Height is 81 - 104 Cm with 34 - 65Kgs.
- Gestation period - 235 days.
- Speed upto 56 Km/h to 88.5km/h.

4. Springbok

- The springbok is a medium-sized brown and white antelope-gazelle of south western Africa.
- It is extremely fast and can reach speeds of 88 km/h and leap 4 m through the air.
- Today they are only found in protected areas and farms.
- They are regularly feed on roots, herbs, grass, flowers, shrubs and leaves.
- Reproduction gestation period are of 168 days.
- Normal height is 70 - 90 cm with 30 - 48 kgs.

5. Wildebeest

- The wildebeest is one of the few African antelopes to have extended its range in the last 50 years.
- The wildebeests, also called gnus, are a genus of antelopes.
- They belong to the family Bovidae, which includes antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep and other even-toed horned ungulates.
- Wildebeest prefer short grass, they are unable to go without water for more than a few days.
- They numbered about 250,000 in 1960 and are thought to number 1.5 million today.
- They constantly emit low moans and if disturbed, snort explosively.
- Height is about 127 - 147 cm.
- Speed upto 80.5 km/h.

6. Blackbuck

- Found mostly in India, the black buck is one of the most photographed of wildlife species.
- They are counted among the fastest animal species on earth with speed of 80 km/h.
- Blackbucks usually known for their jumping, their high speed and keen eyesight on account for their protection.
- The population of the Indian antelope has been badly affected by poaching and loss of habitat.
- Lives on grass, leaves, pods, fruit, shrubs and flowers.
- Weight: 25-35 kg and Gestation Period: 5-6 months

7. Brown Hare

- They are extremely fast, they can run twice as fast as an Olympic sprinter.
- They can attain a maximum speed of 72 km/h.
- The European hare, also known as the brown hare, is a species of hare native to Europe and western Asia.
- It is a mammal adapted to temperate, open country.
- Weight: 4 - 6kg.
- Life-span: up to 4 years in the wild. Can live up to 12 years.
- Food: mainly grasses and herbs; also cereal crops, buds, twigs and tree bark.
- This species has a fairly long breeding season which lasts from January to August.

8. African Wild Dog

- The African Wild Dog is a carnivore mammal found only in Africa.
- Wild dogs live mostly in arid zones and in the savanna.
- This dog can cover 71 kilometers in one hour.
- Size: 30 inches at the shoulder.
- Weight: 55 to 70 pounds.
- Lifespan: 10 to 12 years.
- Habitat: Dense forest to open plains.
- Diet: Carnivorous/forager.
- Gestation: 21/2 months.

9. Kangaroo

- Kangaroos are the only large animals to use hopping as a means of locomotion.
- The comfortable hopping speed for Red Kangaroo is about 71 km/h.
- Kangaroos have powerful hind legs and short, thumbless forelimbs.
- Red kangaroo is the largest marsupial in the world.
- They can reach a weight of 200 pounds (90 kg).
- Lifespan:On average, kangaroos live in the wild for six to eight years.
- Range:Kangaroos are found in Australia and Tasmania, as well as on surrounding islands.
- Habitat:Kangaroos live in varied habitats, from forests and woodland areas to grassy plains.
- Food:Kangaroos are grazing herbivores, which means their diet consists mainly of grasses. They can survive long periods without water.

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