Buddha Purnima also known as Vesakha and Buddha Day, is a holiday observed traditionally by Buddhists on different days in India, SriLanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia and Myanmar and in other places all over the world.
Celebrating Vesakha also means making special efforts to bring happiness to the unfortunate like the aged, the handicapped and the sick. To this day, Buddhists will distribute gifts in cash and kind to various charitable homes throughout the country. Vesakha is also a time for great joy and happiness, expressed not by pandering to one’s appetites but by concentrating on useful activities such as decorating and illuminating temples, painting and creating exquisite scenes from the life of the Buddha for public dissemination.
In Japan – It is also known as Kanbutsue. It is not a public holiday. Celebrated on the 8th day of the fourth month in the Chinese calendar based on one of the legends that proclaim the day as Buddha's birthday.
In Nepal – Known as "Buddha Jayanti" is widely celebrated all across the country including Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha, and Swayambhu the holy temple for Buddhists also known as "the Monkey Temple". The main door of Swayambhu is opened only on this very day.
In Sri Lanka – Celebrated as a religious and a cultural festival in for about one week. During this week, the selling of alcohol and fresh meat is usually prohibited.
In Korea - Celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Korean lunar calendar and is an official holiday and one of the nation’s biggest cultural festivals.
In Laos – Celebrations include dances, poems, parades, processions, deep meditation, theatrical performances, and puppet shows.
In Vietnam – It was a public festival with float and lantern parades on the streets.
In Indonesia – At Borobudur, thousands of Buddhist monks will join together to repeat mantras and meditate as they circuit the temple in a ritual called "Pradaksina". Monks celebrate the special day by bottling holy water (which symbolises humility) and transporting flames (which symbolize light and enlightenment) from location to location.
In Singapore – Celebrated it along with their National Day in a two-day event.